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The arguments for the DROP PROCEDURE command are listed in Table 4-32. To remove a stand alone stored procedure from the database. To remove a stand alone stored function from the database. For information basis sql on creating a function, see „CREATE FUNCTION”. The arguments for the CREATE VIEW command are listed in Table 4-26. The arguments for the CREATE USER command are listed in Table 4-25.

  • Revokes the ADMIN, DBA/DDL, or RESOURCE roles from users, or revokes privileges on a database object from users.
  • In this SQL tutorial, you’ll learn all the basic to advanced concepts like SQL queries, SQL join, SQL injection, SQL insert, create tables in SQL.
  • In this case, it’s the column with the fourth quarter sales minus the third quarter sales.
  • Now, use WHERE to include only employees with salaries higher than $3500 in the counting.
  • All of the conditions must be met for the result to be returned.

It is possible that a part’s inventory falls below its reorder point while the trigger was disabled. When this trigger is created, Oracle Database Lite enables it automatically. You can subsequently disable the trigger with the following statement. The arguments for the ALTER TRIGGER command are listed in Table 4-9. For information on creating a trigger, see CREATE TRIGGER.

How Long Does It Take to Learn SQL?

The ROLLBACK command discards pending changes made to the data in the current transaction, restoring the database to its state before the start of the transaction. You can ROLLBACK a portion of a transaction by identifying a SAVEPOINT. If privilege_list contains INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE, or SELECT, then the user has those privileges on a table or view. If privilege_list is ALL, then the user can INSERT, DELETE, UPDATE, or SELECT from the table or view. To revoke roles from users, you must be logged into the database as SYSTEM or as a user with DBA or ADMIN privileges.

Basic SQL commands

The call specification tells Oracle Database Lite which Java method to invoke when a call is made. The arguments for the CONSTRAINT clause are listed in Table 4-13. The syntax for the COLUMN CONSTRAINT clause is displayed in Figure 4-11. This command does not change the definition of an existing view. To redefine a view, you must use the CREATE VIEW command with the OR REPLACE option.

Indexes in SQL

The output shows the departments and the lowest salary in each department. Again, we use the same query and change only the aggregate function. You can use this query whenever you want to group data and show the average value for each group. The output shows all the departments and the sum of total monthly salary costs by department. Finally, the output is grouped by the column department. The purpose of the above query is to find the total salary amount for each department.

We’ll introduce the dataset, and then we’re off to writing and explaining basic SQL queries. There are more tricks this SQL command can do, like sorting by multiple columns. If you want to learn more, our Detailed Guide to ORDER BY  was written just for you. Here, https://deveducation.com/ column_name is the name of the column you want to sort the result set by and ASC or DESC specifies whether the sort order should be ascending or descending. If the order is not specified (neither ASC or DESC are written), the order is set to ascending by default.

What is a Database?

This keeps data accurate and secure, and it helps maintain the integrity of databases, regardless of size. A subquery can also return multiple columns or multiple rows. Such subqueries can be used with operators IN, EXISTS, ALL, or ANY. RIGHT JOIN returns all rows from the right table with corresponding rows from the left table.

You can use the CURRVAL and NEXTVAL pseudocolumns to refer to sequence values in SQL statmetments. When you create a database using the CREATEDB utility or the CREATE DATABASE command, Oracle Lite creates a special user called SYSTEM with password of MANAGER. You can use SYSTEM as the default user name until you establish user names of your own as needed.

Basic SQL commands

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